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ความสำคัญในการใช้เทคโนโลยีคอมพิวเตอร์สมัยใหม่
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ซอฟท์แวร์/คอมพิวเตอร์สำหรับงานก่อสร้าง
 

 
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ความสำคัญในการใช้เทคโนโลยีคอมพิวเตอร์สมัยใหม่


ปัจจัยหลักที่จะก่อให้เกิดเศรษฐกิจฟองสบู่ได้ มีอยู่ 2 ปัจจัย คือ อสังหาริมทรัพย์ และตลาดหุ้น เนื่องจากมีปริมาณเม็ดเงินจำนวนมาก และอุตสาหกรรมการก่อสร้างก็มีความสัมพันธ์กันโดยตรงกับธุรกิจอสังหาริมทรัพย์ เนื่องจากเป็นสินค้า (Product) ที่จะให้อสังหาริมทรัพย์นำไปขายและหากมีการพิจารณาถึงขีดความสามารถในการแข่งขันของประเทศ ทำให้พบว่า มีการพัฒนาศักยภาพ และขีดความสามารถในอุตสาหกรรมการก่อสร้างให้มีคุณภาพมากยิ่งขึ้นแล้ว จะทำให้ระบบเศรษฐกิจดีขึ้นได้ทั้งระบบอย่างยั่งยืนและถาวร

 

ความจริงกลับพบว่าปริมาณการใช้เทคโนโลยีสารสนเทศในอุตสาหกรรมการก่อสร้างทั่วโลก และในประเทศไทยนั้น มีอยู่ค่อนข้างน้อย เมื่อเปรียบเทียบกับปริมาณเม็ดเงินในระบบอุตสาหกรรมนี้ อันเนื่องมาจากความรู้ด้านการก่อสร้างนั้นมีความสลับซับซ้อนมาก เมื่อเทียบกับอุตสาหกรรมอื่นๆ และมีลักษณะการทำงานที่ผันแปรไปตามปัจจัยต่างๆ ของโครงการ อันเนื่องมาจากสภาพภูมิประเทศ สถาปัตยกรรมท้องถิ่น รสนิยมของผู้อยู่อาศัย วัสดุ วิชาชีพหลายมิติ เช่น สถาปนิก วิศวกร บัญชี เป็นต้น กฎหมาย มาตรฐานการออกแบบ (Design Code) มาตรฐานการก่อสร้าง ความชำนาญของช่างและผู้ออกแบบ ซึ่งทำให้การก่อสร้างนั้นเป็นงานเฉพาะตัว (Custom Made) ในแต่ละโครงการ จึงทำให้พบว่าส่วนใหญ่การก่อสร้างในประเทศไทยยังถือว่ายังล้าหลังจากประเทศอื่นอยู่มาก และหากเปรียบเทียบกับอุตสาหกรรมอื่นๆ ในประเทศไทยเองก็ยังพบว่ามีปริมาณค่อนข้างน้อย หรือแทบจะเรียกว่าส่วนใหญ่ยังคงทำงานด้วยคน (manual) หรือเป็นกระดาษกันอยู่เลย

 

 


ซึ่งมาทำเป็นกราฟเปรียบเทียบถึงต้นทุนการทำงานด้วยคนและคอมพิวเตอร์ ซึ่งทำให้เราพบว่า ต้นทุนการทำงานด้วยคอมพิวเตอร์มีต้นทุนที่ลดลงทุกๆ ปี และต้นทุนการทำงานด้วยคนกลับมีต้นทุนที่สูงขึ้นตลอดเวลาทุกปี และปัจจุบันเราได้เลยจุดคุ้มทุนมาแล้ว หากเราไม่ใช้คอมพิวเตอร์เพื่อลดต้นทุนการทำงาน จะทำให้เรามีพื้นที่การเสียเปรียบกับคู่แข่งมากขึ้นเรื่อยๆ และในที่สุดจะทำให้เราไม่สามารถแข่งขันในธุรกิจนี้ได้



 

การใช้คอมพิวเตอร์ช่วยในการทำงานจึงเป็นการเพิ่มประสิทธิภาพในการทำงาน (Productivity) และขีดความสามารถในการแข่งขัน (Competitive Advantage) ในคราวเดียวกัน หากทุกคนเข้าใจหลักการนี้แล้วจะทำให้ตระหนักว่า การใช้คอมพิวเตอร์มาช่วยทำงานในธุรกิจก่อสร้างนั้นมีความจำเป็นอย่างมาก เนื่องจากมีปริมาณเม็ดเงินจำนวนมาก และทำให้สามารถประหยัดเงินได้ทันที

 

หากเริ่มพูดถึงคอมพิวเตอร์ด้านก่อสร้างแล้ว ผมเองก็เชื่อว่าหลายๆ ท่านคงจะรู้จักโปรแกรมประเภท CAD  (Computer Aided Design) ที่เอาไว้ช่วยสำหรับการเขียนแบบ ซึ่งระบบ CAD ก็มีการวิวัฒนาการพอแยกได้เป็น 3 ยุค ดังนี้

 

 

      -  ยุคแรก การเขียนแบบด้วยมือลงบนกระดาษ ซึ่งมีข้อจำกัดมาก ไม่สะดวกในการปรับปรุงแบบ ซึ่งเป็นการเขียนแบบ 2 มิติ คือ เป็นรูปด้าน รูปตัด แปลนอาคาร

 

      ยุคที่สอง การเขียนแบบด้วยโปรแกรม CAD ยุคนี้เริ่มมาประมาณ 20 ปี แล้ว และปัจจุบันการทำงานเกือบ 100 % ในการเรียน การสอน การทำงานในวงการก่อสร้างไทยยังใช้ระบบนี้อยู่ ทำให้มีปัญหาเรื่องการเชื่อมโยงข้อมูลกับระบบอื่นๆ เนื่องจากเป็นแค่การเขียนแบบแต่อย่างเดียว และทำให้การทำงานขาดการเชื่อมต่อไปยังระบบอื่น ทำให้โปรแกรม CAD เป็นเพียงเครื่องมือสำหรับพนักงานเขียนแบบอย่างเดียวเท่านั้น สำหรับผู้จัดการโครงการ เจ้าของโครงการ หรือสถาปนิกเอง จึงไม่ค่อยให้ความสำคัญกับคอมพิวเตอร์เท่าที่ควร


      ยุคที่สาม จำลองการออกแบบอาคารบนคอมพิวเตอร์ (Building Simulation) ทำให้สถาปนิกสามารถมองเห็นอาคารเสมือนจริงบนคอมพิวเตอร์ขณะออกแบบ ซึ่งทุกวัตถุ (Object) บนระบบคอมพิวเตอร์จะมีราคา สี คุณสมบัติวัสดุเหมือนจริง ทำให้ทราบราคาค่าก่อสร้างทั้งอาคารได้ทุกขณะ ลดการทำงานผิดพลาดลง สามารถใช้โมเดลไปให้วิศวกรออกแบบโครงสร้าง ไฟฟ้า ประปา ได้ทันที โดยไม่ต้องสร้างโมเดลใหม่ให้เสียเวลา และลดการซ้ำซ้อนทั้งระบบ สะดวกในการนำเสนองาน และการแก้ไขแบบอาคาร  หากมีการแก้ไขขยายขนาดห้องจาก 4.00 . เป็น 4.50 . ที่รูปใดรูปหนึ่ง จะทำให้รูปทั้งหมด ทั้งรูปแปลน รูปด้าน รูปตัด รูปขยาย จะปรับปรุงแบบให้ใหม่ทันที ไม่ต้องเสียเวลาในการแก้ไขแบบใหม่เป็นแรมเดือนอีกต่อไป

 

และในยุคที่สามของ CAD นี้ ได้มีการกำหนดมาตรฐานการทำงานบนระบบคอมพิวเตอร์ เพื่อให้สามารถเชื่อมโยง และแลกเปลี่ยนข้อมูลระหว่างโปรแกรมต่างๆ ซึ่งเรียกว่า IFC (Industrial Foundation Class) ปัจจุบันมีผู้พัฒนาโปรแกรมคอมพิวเตอร์ชั้นนำของโลกได้เข้าร่วมพัฒนาและเป็นสมาชิก เช่น Graphisoft, Microsoft, Autodesk, Bentley เป็นต้น โดยการใช้เทคโนโลยี XML เป็นมาตรฐานในการแลกเปลี่ยนไฟล์กัน ทำให้โปรแกรม CAD ออกแบบสถาปัตยกรรม ประมาณราคา วิศวกรโครงสร้าง บริหารโครงการ บริหารทรัพย์สิน หรือแม้กระทั่งระบบบัญชี สามารถเชื่อมโยงและคุยกันได้เป็นอย่างดี







 

      -  โดยการเชื่อมโยงในรูปแบบ IFC นี้จะเป็นการเชื่อมโยงได้ทั้งแบบ (Drawing) และข้อมูลประกอบ (Attribute) จากรูปแบบเดิมที่สามารถแลกเปลี่ยนได้แค่ Drawing ระหว่างโปรแกรมโดยใช้ไฟล์ DXF (Data Exchange Format) เป็นตัวกลาง 

      -  ไฟล์แบบก่อสร้างรุ่นใหม่ สามารถเก็บรูปแบบแปลนทุกขั้นตอน ตั้งแต่การออกแบบเบื้องต้นจนถึงแบบก่อสร้างจริง (As - Build Drawing) ได้ในไฟล์เดียว สามารถแยกแบบได้เป็นชุดๆ ซึ่งจากเดิมจะต้องเก็บไฟล์หลายสิบหลายร้อยไฟล์ ทำให้ยากในการค้นหา และเรียกใช้งานภายหลัง

 

 

 


การใช้เทคโนโลยีคอมพิวเตอร์ที่รองรับระบบ IFC ทำให้ผู้ใช้งานทั้ง สถาปนิก วิศวกร เจ้าของโครงการ และที่ปรึกษาโครงการ สามารถทำงานได้สะดวกรวดเร็ว ลดการทำงานผิดพลาด สามารถนำข้อมูลไปใช้งานได้ทั้งระบบตั้งแต่การออกแบบ ประมาณราคา การก่อสร้าง การติดตั้ง การโฆษณาประชาสัมพันธ์

 

โดยตอนถัดๆ ไปผมจะอธิบายถึงเทคโนโลยีคอมพิวเตอร์สมัยใหม่ สำหรับช่วยงานด้านสถาปัตยกรรม วิศวกรรม การก่อสร้าง (Construction) การบริหารโครงการ (Project Management) การบริหารอาคาร (Facilities Management) ที่ช่วยทำให้วงการอสังหาริมทรัพย์ สามารถทำงานได้อย่างมีประสิทธิภาพ ทั้งลดต้นทุน และทำงานได้รวดเร็ว

 

 



 
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This isn��t just a matter of giving the brain something to do. Some cognitive scientists, such as Antonio Damasio at the University of Southern California and Anil Seth at the University of Sus * , argue that consciousness and brain activity have an explicitly ��somatic,�� embodied element. They think that emotions are not so much states of the brain as mental representations��indeed, interpretations��of the physiological states of the body. That is reflected in the everyday language of ��gut instincts�� or ��thinking with the heart.�� It is just one of the many reasons why transhumanist talk of downloading our brains to a hard drive as a form of Ray Ban Sale immortality is na?ve.
��Language,�� Noah Webster wrote in the preface to his American Dictionary, ��is the expression of ideas; and if the people of one country cannot preserve an identity of ideas, they cannot retain an identity of language.�� Almost 200 years later, the descendant of the company Webster founded is the last fully staffed American dictionary-maker standing. And its unabridged dictionary is its crown jewel.
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The first book, Valuing Life: Humanizing the Regulatory State, answers a question about him posed by Eric Posner, a professor of law, a friend of Sunstein��s, and a former colleague at the University of Chicago: ��What happens when the world��s leading academic expert on regulation is plunked into the real world of government?��
Religion for Atheists provides a comprehensive account of de Botton��s thinking on the world and its discontents. His main thesis concerns the God-like hole in society resulting from the decline in authority and practice of traditional religion: ��God may be dead but the urgent issues which made Ray Ban Rb3025 us make him up remain ? they don��t go away just because we see scientific inaccuracies in the tale of the seven loaves and fishes��. One can be ��left cold by doctrine yet at the same time be interested in the ways in which religions deliver sermons, promote morality, engender a spirit of community, make use of art and architecture, inspire travel, train minds and encourage gratitude at the beauty of the Spring��. De Botton is also highly critical of our messianic secular faith in science, technology and commerce, arguing that although we may derive some benefit from computer chips and hot baths; ��our lives are no less subject to accidents, frustrated ambition, jealousy, heartbreak, anxiety or death than those of our medieval forebears who had the advantage of living in a religious era which never made the mistake of promising happiness on earth��. He believes that the freedom our ancestors painfully secured over the centuries risks being ray ban squandered because we have been left to do as we please without the wisdom and guidance once provided by religion but that philosophy and art can perform the same function.
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help from non-profit and international organizations or government  * istance programs. The Army Base Camp Integration Laboratory, or BCIL hosted its second annual "Base Camp resource and energy efficiency-day." Located on 10 acres at Fort Devens, the laboratory has two "force provider" 150-person base camp. One contains standard technologies, the other offers a glimpse into the army of the energy future. Katherine Hammack, Secretary of the Army for installations, energy and environment, and Lt. Gen. Raymond V. Mason, Army deputy chief of staff, logistics, were among the participants of the event. They became refuges, power management, energy information storage, disposal and waste-to-energy systems, alternative energy, micro-grids, energy efficient structures, rigid wall stock and fired kitchens. It's just great, the progress we make, the systems that we test, "Hammack said." The team here does a fantastic job of looking for new technologies, test them, always made ??modifications, and the determination of the elasticity of the systems before deploying them. Having our soldiers Mason said all the work to resources and fuel efficiency has been done to help soldiers focus on their missions. He used the hypothetical example of a forward base in Afghanistan, the draw with 20 tankers has up to his gate. To protect soldiers in danger that put convoy, "said Mason." Then got this 20 tankers have gotten through your front door. Each of these trucks be a potential bomb. Then got all have to save that fuel somewhere on your forward base, which means you have to build a larger [FOB] and that the fuel is a big goal for the either indirect or direct fire. Our goal is to perform this risk by reducing the amount of and reduce down fuel that is needed combat operations. " And so through better energy management, flexible energy sources, energy lightening the burden on our soldiers - all combined - we are able to redirect our staff and equipment  * ets back to the mission, "Hammack said," and that increases our agility and increased our overall efficiency. More than 12,000 service members training at Fort Devens rotate annually by the BCIL, an invaluable user input on systems that developed here, with the aim of trimming fuel and water consumption at the base camp by 50 percent. Such innovations such as micro-grids, solar shades, protective liners and shower water reuse systems have already brought this goal closer to reality. If the cuts to date, will look like in a few years, it's remarkable, "said Kevin Fahey, program executive officer with, Combat Support & Combat Service Support." And I think a lot of it is our ability to test things and users on it and get feedback quickly and [be] who can prove that this is what we want to put in the soldiers' and Marines hands on the field. " If we do not spend adequately in science and technology, research and development, we will focus on the battlefield, in a situation where our enemies to find a comparative advantage over us than the other way contrary to, "Mason said," and our soldiers are at risk in the future more. One minute before he died, Herv¨¦ le Gallou stood at the edge of a cliff at Obiou, in the French Alps, with acres of air before him the view in the morning 23 June, 2012 was breathtaking. Moonscape rock walls pocked with snow, in this way gave plateaus of the pale gr *  and ashen rock, then bottle-green pine forests in the valley and the mountains in

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the background Le Gallou wearing a wingsuit, a webbed all-in-one, the base jumping has transformed - the sport where you jump from a fixed object such as a bridge or a cliff - by too long "pilot" glissando flights in Create speeds of 100 mph or more before pulling their parachutes. Le Gallou once told me that he began Base jumping in an attempt to create a recurring childhood dream again, the "flying with my arms." Wingsuits, he said, brought him "very close" to this fantasy. Whenever he was at a starting point, the place from which you jump, was his overriding feeling is not terrorism, but a supernatural vigilance. It was the feeling of a fighter pilot instead of a human cannonball. I know exactly what I'm doing, "he said." I just go for fun. There are still some stress, some fear, because there is some risk. But I know exactly what I can do. Do I know where is my limit. " At 51, Le Gallou was jumping a veteran of thousands of base. But he had never flown from the exit point at Obiou. To perform its intended flight, he had to lead from the cliff, and then sharply to the right over a ledge. for an experienced pilot, this maneuver was relatively easy. the next period of the flight was difficult. Le Gallou would glide over a long, moderately sloping plateau. To do this, it was imperative that he pay attention to what French wingsuit pilots call la finesse: the ratio of forward to backward motion. If it slide in this part of the flight not to keep a reasonable, he had an escape. He could his parachute and land on the plateau pull this plan, as long as he would the decision to work early enough, but if he saved. too late, he would crash before his chute could fill with air, at best, would be the easiest., with "une bonne Finesse", continue to fly over the sloping plateau and the pines and finally pull his parachute above the valley floor. On the morning of 23 June, the chances for a long, bird-like flight in perfect condition seemed good. Nevertheless, dark thoughts Le Gallou may have attacked. He was tired, unhappy briefly on the practice and with his equipment. The day before, he also received the news that his mother was involved in a car accident in Paris, the last in a series of misfortunes that had plagued his family in recent months. Dave McDonnell, an English friend of Le Gallou, said that before he finished base jumping, he used three different inner voices at the exit point that he "heard Fear" as "Yes" and "No!" If you all tuned in, there is 'Yes', "he said." On mediocre days, there are two more votes. One 'fear. "Your body screams at you," Do not do that, ".. because it is dangerous, unnatural, you are here to overcome your fear But there is another voice that hangs around every now and then, and this is called something is not right you can never point the finger at them 'No' -.. could it be something in the backpack job, or the weather or the people you are jumping with, or mind-set it's just go, "away, do not jump today. "the difficulty is trying to decide between" "to recognize and" Fear No "because they both tell you the same thing." No "is your sixth sense, trying to save your

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life is. " Le Gallou was an unremarkable-looking man of medium height, with a slim build, short brown hair and big eyes I met him only once. In January 2009, in a restaurant in Paris A friend had told me about an amazing coup. found months previously in Dubai, Le Gallou and McDonnell went to the Burj Khalifa skyscraper, which was still under construction when engineers will be evaded security, climbed 155 floors on foot and then pounced covered from top at dusk -. becoming the first people from the tallest building in the world rely jump. I wanted to tell to me about the adventures of Le Gallou. . He was a wonderful storyteller At dinner with entertainment, he recalls how he creates a fake ID, the lackluster security of the tower deceive Read It: "Herv¨¦ Le Gallou: Technician de Base - Sp¨¦cialiste of Ascenseurs de Descente Rapide". ("Basic Technician - Trade Fast elevators moved down"). Apparently no one asked him about his unusual job title or why his identification was written in French. He also described a lively scene at the top of the Burj. Explains Le Gallou that when he was in his late 40s, he began to suffer from night blindness. Thus he drew it wait until dawn to buildings he infiltrated into the dark jump. at the exit point, he and McDonnell watched the desert turn to pink from blue as the day broke over Dubai. at this moment Le Gallou later recalled: "They believe that everything belongs to you." We also talked about his other notable coups. In 2000, he and a friend, Benoit Paquet, scaled the exterior of the 88-story Jin Mao Tower in Shanghai in the middle of the night, and jumped at dawn. By 2009 Le Gallou had from the Eiffel Tower 40 times he had jumped, he said, become the de facto "official leader" of the Paris landmark for beginners Jumper -. the one who knew how to get around the cameras and guards. These stories granted Le Gallou almost mythical status among European base jumpers (to Dubai, his friends jokingly nicknamed l'Aigle d'Arabie:. The Eagle of Arabia). For McDonnell, were Le Gallou urban adventures "the next thing you could get to a master criminal without getting into too much trouble." When you were not involved in base-jumping, but it is very unlikely that you will ever have heard of Le Gallou. In recent years, several base jumpers have won a high public profile. Jeb Corliss men like Felix Baumgartner and - the daredevils who plunged from the edge of space-sky - .. YouTube have stars, from brands such as Red Bull but Le Gallou are not backed for glory He maintained a website, but it was rudimentary, he preferred to share stories, face to face. The sport he loved began in the late 1970s when a group of American paratroopers led by Carl Boenish began jumping El Capitan, above Yosemite Valley, with regular Sky diving equipment it had been like before jumps -. For movie stunts and one-kicking - but it was Boenish and his gang to use the term BASE (for building, antenna, span, earth, four kinds of objects, from which it is possible to jump) invented. It was not until the 1980s and early 1990s that BASE began to merge into a sport. Base specialists originated in Europe and the United States share know-how when they met. Today, despite a growing interest in base jumping, there are still only a

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few hundred lines of bridges in Europe and the U.S. When Le Gallou knew his first jump in 1994, only a few dozen people in France, which was base jumping. He was already an experienced diver sky. After buying a basic rig and learned from a video grab, he traveled to the Fades viaduct near Clermont-Ferrand in the south of France, braced himself and jumped alone. The experience was a revelation. When you see the ground come very quickly -. "He told me:" It's more like a suicide as a sport almost certain that I would die I was, you know, because it was so frightening And if I jumped?. I pulled. And then you have to wait for the opening of the hood. And if you wait, the feeling is ... I do not know in English, the word. impuissant? " Powerless. Gallou Le spent the rest of his life trying to take control of this stunning milliseconds. To an intermittently illegal sport in which an error can be fatal to survive, a jumper warning to countless dangers to be. For starters, you only handle a parachute, but is used as the two in the traditional parachuting. must be accurately packed properly not only your slide, it must also be taken at the right time, with enough distance between you, the object and the ground. even if the screen properly released, expect a menu of possible problems. If, for example, open "off-course", or just less than, you will find yourself speeding back towards the cliff or a building, from which you just jumped. This result is known, in the macabre argot of the sport, as an "object strike." For these reasons the sport has traditionally been seen as much control to freaks, adrenaline junkies to Many European base jumpers from Le Gallou generation are middle-aged men and women (but mostly men) appealed with solid professions. Dentistry, engineering, IT and so on. few seem to perform particularly risky life. You see the sport as a private obsession, and public relations, especially for those in high-profile jobs, should be avoided. One of the oldest Le Gallou jumping friends, Joel Gerardin, said that for Le Gallou, the thrill of the infiltration of a building, jump escape and without notice He added, "indescribable.": "I actually do not know any others in Europe, which won such an experience in the city jumps, "illegal", without sponsorship, all over the world. Not for the image of himself, only for themselves. " . On this June morning, there were four

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other bridges with Le Gallou at Obiou Two were Americans who moved to France, wingsuits fly partially more time in the Alps: Ellen Brennan, a 25-year-old nurse, and her partner, Laurent Frat, a 35 - year-old news producer. The others were Raoul, a 38-year-old engineer and a friend of Le Gallou (the only his nickname declined to be named, because it is not publicly known that he base jumps). and Ludovic Woerth, a 32-year-old professional wingsuit pilots and a former employee at adrenaline base, a French-based outfitter Le Gallou wearing a wingsuit by adrenaline and base are made ??by a Croatian company, Phoenix-Fly. Raoul jumped first, and then Woerth. After completing their flights in the valley for the others waited. Le Gallou jumped third. His flight began well, according to Brennan and Frat. He banked high on the ledge and then fell out of sight. the two Americans jumped four and five. as they landed in the valley, for flights of more than a minute, about Le Gallou they asked. Neither Raoul still Woerth had seen him. Four fellow jumper Le Gallou hoped her friend had safely over the plateau pulled his parachute. The entire trajectory is not visible from either the valley or the exit point and it was possible, they believed that he landed unseen. After walking for a while to get better phone reception, they tried to call Le Gallou. Nothing. Brennan remembers the opening beers group to celebrate their successful jumps, while they waited for news. Right after like the first sip of beer maybe, we heard a helicopter comes over, "recalled Brennan." And the helicopters never fly there, unless they make a rescue or something .... The worst sound I've ever heard in my life the sound of that helicopter was coming. " A p * ing hiker saw the fallen Le Gallou and called the mountain rescue. Gallou had made the Le Plateau and died on impact, stretched out his sky behind him. In the following three jumper published accounts based web sites, detailing days, what they thought went wrong with the last flight Le Gallou is. Frat wrote that "for reasons we can only speculate, unable to plateau Outfly he was." For Joumana Seif, Le Gallou former girlfriend, but the accident not be so easily dismissed. Seif, an elegant, 36-year-old orthodontist from French and Lebanese descent, lives in Geneva. She met Le Gallou by base jumping, and beginning in 2001, she had what she describes as "intense" relationship. they split up in 2005, but remained close friends. died as Le Gallou, organized several events Seif in his memory, including a cremation in Grenoble, a Catholic M *  in Paris and a base-jumping monument to his favorite place in the Cirque d'Archiane, in the Alps. I spent two days with Seif in Paris last fall, as we talked about Le Gallou -. Seif often break when she was crying - .. She told me that two things bothered them centered on the first question of the character of Le Gallou about the accident, she said, was a conservative base-jumper. (This can be a contradiction appear in itself, but as confirmed by many of his friends recently pressed Le Gallou rarely beyond its borders. Mavericks do not survive 18 years in a sport like basis.) It seemed implausible Seif that Le Gallou would be a risky have tried to line his escape from Obiou. If he had lost good finesse, she thinks, he would have learned and lived on the plateau to jump another day. for them there was only one cause of the accident. Equipment trouble the fact that his parachute was used when he crashed indicated some sort of delay in finding the handle for his pilot chute, the little hood that the larger parachute (if found handle of the slide is known as precedes. No Pull a search.) Once Le Gallou he recognized was in trouble, he believes Seif precious fractions of seconds trying to deploy his pilot chute lost. until he did, it was too late. My second concern was Le Gallou helmet camera. It was his habit to record jumps. On the day he died, he was wearing a ContourHD camera on a rugby helmet mounted. Grief and the search for answers, Seif hunted feverishly for the device. But after the accident, the Contour camera was not found. It was not collected under the personal belongings of the police. Seif says it investigated the crash site

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six times with a metal detector, but found nothing. None of the colleagues jumper Le Gallou had an explanation for what happened to the device. Seif recalled that when she asked for the camera a few days after the crash of a jumper told her it was useless to look for it. "" Maybe it's in a million pieces, "he said." Maybe it has a log '. " A few weeks after the accident, but the camera was 40 meters uphill discovered by the police from the crash site, had left near some flowers Seif. It seemed clear to her that if she can not prove that the camera had later moved or replaced. the police, the Le Gallou death ruled an accident, finally found the HD card, but said it was unreadable. Seif remained dogged in their pursuit of what happened, she says that she found a memory card recently, at the point that she believes Le Gallou is that you tried, the pictures of her it makes it "Omerta" to a Get gearbox problem .. this may have led to Le Gallou accident. When I asked her why she thinks so, a folder with the documents they have collected about the case. she also spoke of her "intuition." Le Gallou life was consumed by the escape, in both senses of the word. In the 19th arrondissement of Paris grew up, he was the youngest of three boys. He was close to his mother, but he told friends his relationship with his father, a nuclear scientist was more tense.Ein heller, aber rebellischen Teenager, Le Gallou nicht Universit?t zu besuchen."Anstatt nach seinem Vater begann er, das Gegenteil zu immer tun", erkl?rte Seif."Ich wei? nicht, warum." Nach seinem Wehrdienst arbeitete Le Gallou als Wachmann und dann als Manager eines Supermarktes. 1993 Lokf¨¹hrer auf der M¨¦tro wurde er. Der Job kam mit flexiblen Arbeitszeiten und erlaubte ihm, in seinem au?erschulischen verw?hnen . Interessen sobald er konnte, Le Gallou ¨¹bertragen Line 6, einem luftigen Route, die durch das Herz der Stadt schneidet, und d *  ihm erlaubt, den Eiffelturm zu sehen - seine Lieblings Basis-Springen Objekt -. mehrmals t?glich Basejumping , sagte McDonnell, Le Gallou aktiviert sein Potenzial zu erf¨¹llen. Der eine gro?e Sache, die mir auffiel, war: Wow, was f¨¹r ein Geist, er hat "McDonnell fortgesetzt." Es war nur undurchdringlichen Es war eine Konstante, flache Linie - ruhig, betrachtet, berechnet ... auf jeden springen Sie hatte gerade ..! dieses Gef¨¹hl, wenn Sie mit ihm waren, alles lief alles in Ordnung zu sein. nicht jeder hat, d * . ich in der Armee war. Sie k?nnen Menschen zu lehren, zu schreien und zu heulen und sei ein F¨¹hrer, aber Sie k?nnen nicht lehren, "es "- das X-Faktor, d *  Magie Gen Du bist nur mit ihm geboren hatte er es" ... Diese Eigenschaften wurden in letzten Jahr Le Gallou getestet. Im Jahr 2011 starb ein Bruder verschlechterte sich die Gesundheit seiner alten Vaters und Le Gallou wurde zunehmend von einem Fu? brach er vor Jahren gest?rt. Er verbrachte einen Gro?teil seiner Freizeit im Jahr 2011 die Unterst¨¹tzung seiner Mutter und sprang weniger oft. Viele von Le Gallou Freunde beachten Sie, d *  er auf "simplicit¨¦" in seinem Leben haben wollte. Er war auch sehr privat. Gallou Le Paquet und waren enge Freunde, aber als ich fragte, wo Le Paquet Gallou aufgewachsen, hat er nicht. Er wei?, sagte: "Es ist seltsam f¨¹r mich jetzt, weil ich merke, wir sprachen nie ¨¹ber seine Kindheit." John Halford, ein englischer Basis-Springen Freund, erinnerte, d *  "obwohl

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ich wusste, d *  er so gut wie ich eine der Basejumper wusste, ich didn 't wissen viel ¨¹ber seinen Hintergrund. Es war ein bisschen eine dunkle Seite zu ihm. " In seiner Mitte der 40er Jahre, ¨¹berrascht Le Gallou viele, die ihn durch die Ausbildung wusste, um Friseur zu werden. Mehrere seiner weiblichen Kollegen aus der M¨¦tro sagen, er war ein wunderbarer coiffeur, der noch nie f¨¹r seine Dienste in Rechnung gestellt. Tats?chlich sagte Seif er hoffte, zu beenden die Z¨¹ge schlie?lich und ?ffnen seinen eigenen Salon. sie erkl?rte auch, d * , obwohl er immer erfolgreich mit dem anderen Geschlecht, gl¨¹cklicher zu tun mit dem, was sie opak bezeichnet war er "Frau Dinge." Sie schloss mit den Worten, d *  Lou Reeds "Walk on the wild Side "wurde in seinem Gedenkgottesdienste in Grenoble und Paris gespielt. Als er an der Austrittsstelle am Obiou stand, kann man Sorge Le Gallou genervt haben vor allen anderen:. Seine "Venom" Wingsuit In den letzten Jahren hat sich die Fl¨¹gelfl?che von Anz¨¹gen hat stark zugenommen, um den Wunsch nach einer Flugzeit gen¨¹gen ein Minute oder mehr. das Venom ist eine der gr??ten Klagen, d *  Phoenix-Fly Angebote und Le Gallou k?mpfte mit ihm von Anfang an. Er begann zun?chst mit einem Venom Ende 2011. Eine Auswahl von E-Mails zwischen ihm und seinen Freunden, von Seif vorgesehen ist, best?tigt, d *  er Schwierigkeiten haben, den Griff an der Hilfsschirm hatte. In einer E-Mail-Austausch zwischen Le Gallou und Raoulfrom December 2011, Le Gallou said he wished to sell his Venom, as he had problems with the ¡°handle on the bottom of the bag¡± containing the chute. Raoul replied, saying he had tested the Venom and had a similar issue with the handlefor the pilot chute. (Phoenix-Fly does not make the pilot chute or the container, worn on the back, in which it's enclosed; these are made by several manufacturers and are sold separately. A larger wingsuit can, however, create problems forpilots. For instance, there is a greater area of turbulence ¡ª or ¡°burble¡± ¡ª behind the flier, which can make it more difficult to deploy the parachute.) In March 2012, Le Gallou e-mailed another friend to say that he wasinterested in buying an X-Bird ¡ª a wingsuit by the rival American company, TonySuit. If Le Gallou was not happy with his equipment, he nonetheless persisted with it. Seif said that he flew two Venom suits. One was blue, and another, which he was wearing when he died, was red, black and white. Robert Pecnik, who owns Phoenix-Fly, said that Le Gallou tried out a Venom from Adrenalin Base, liked it and ¡ª on April 14, 2012 ¡ª bought his own version. With the new suit, Pecnik said, Le Gallou wore the pilot-chute container higher on his back. The adjustment did not go smoothly. Later that month, Le Gallou wrote to another friend to say that he had tested his new gear with three jumps from a plane over Dieppe. But, he complained, ¡°the problem remains the same!¡± I find the handle,¡± he wrote, ¡°but I still have the impression of having to twist like an earthworm to find it.¡± Pecnik was adamant that the Venom was not at fault for the accident. It was, he said, too simplistic to blame a No Pull Find for the crash, as by the time Le Gallou tried to pull, he seemed to be in trouble. There were always a series of problems that occurred when an experienced jumper died. Pilots who chose large wingsuits, Pecnik said, ¡°accepted

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the risk.¡± A year after Le Gallou¡¯s death, one thing seems certain: He was practicing a sport that was leaving him behind. By 2012, largely because of wingsuits, base jumping had become increasingly visible and accessible. Where once, novice jumpers went to extreme lengths to find mentors ¡ª or, like Le Gallou, made their first jumps alone and terrified ¡ª base schools now offered cl * es at popular jumping spots in Europe and America. The sport had also become professionalized. Last year, Red Bull sponsored the first-ever ¡°World Wingsuit League¡± in China, in which pilots raced one another for speed between two fixed points. Woerth was a contestant. This entrepreneurial spirit has come at a cost. According to a crowd-sourced database maintained by jumpers, of some 200 people who have died base jumping since 1981, nearly half have died in the last five years, after wingsuits became popular. Since Le Gallou¡¯s death last summer, 22 other base jumpers have died; 18 were wearing wingsuits. Le Gallou did not resist the changes in base jumping. Although he was not an expert pilot, the wingsuit revolution thrilled him. Yet the values he embodied ¡ª modesty, caution, patience ¡ª were being eroded by this new generation of wingsuit pilots, stimulated by speed and YouTube hits. For some experienced jumpers, the sport has become too dangerous. In December, Gerardin wrote to me, saying: ¡°It looks like this year, many old-timers retired. They gave me different reasons, but the point is that they all told me Herv¨¦¡¯s death was the bell ringing the end of the game.¡±
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